Congenital fusion of cervical vertebrae: a review on embryological etiology - adults with congenital fused cervical vertebra

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Congenital Scoliosis | Scoliosis Research Society adults with congenital fused cervical vertebra


The vertebral fusion is present from birth. Three major features result from this vertebral fusion: a short neck, the resulting appearance of a low.

In the cervical spine, fusion disease at the adjacent motion segments . between congenital and surgical block vertebrae of pediatric and adult.

cervical vertebral fusion; congenital cervical synostosis; isolated Klippel-Feil syndrome . disease that typically becomes evident during early to mid- adulthood.